The Arctic is the northernmost region of the Earth. Centering on the North Pole, the region includes the Arctic Ocean, the northernmost sections of North America and Eurasia, and the numerous islands and archipelagoes that fringe the northern coasts of these two continents. The region thus encompasses all of Greenland (a Danish terrtory) and all the northern parts of Canada, Alaska (U.S.), Russia, Finland, Sweden, and Norway. The major islands are those of the Canadian Archipelago (including Baffin, Banks, Ellesmere, Victoria, Sverdrup, Parry, Prince of Wales, and Axel Hieberg); the Norwegian island group of Svalbard (including Spitsbergen); and Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya, and the New Siberian Islands, all of which are part of Russia. Whether Iceland is placed within, or excluded from, the Arctic depends on the criteria used to define the southern limit of the region.